1920s American History Essays
The Economic Boom In America In The 1920's
The Economic Boom in America in the 1920's
The decade of the 1920s, or as it was called by its contemporaries,
"The New Era," was marked by prosperity and new opportunity in the
aftermath of World War I. The war began in Europe in 1914, and the
United States entered the fray in 1917. A significant reason for
United States involvement in the war was the nation's economic links
to the Allied Powers, and especially to Great Britain. America had
given loans to Great Britain totalling over $2.3 billion. As a result,
they feared a British defeat that would severely cripple them.
Although the allies eventually won the war, there were problems as
well. The transition from a war-time to a peace-time economy caused
economic dislocation for industrial workers, loss of income for
farmers, and renewed racism and nativism against African-Americans and
foreign immigrants. Despite this, America had emerged from World War I
with a strong economy. America itself had not been attacked and as it
had not joined the war until 1917, it did not have to rebuild itself
like the European nations did.
Although distanced from the main fighting, America came out of the war
a completely different country. The twenties was a very unusual time
period in American History. The twenties were a time of fun and
partying. There are many reasons why it was called the Roaring
Twenties. Most of the American people were living a great life and
were able to afford luxury items, even though this didn't apply to
every one many believed that it was an excellent and exciting time of
In the twenties, industry took a very big step. It nearly doubled. Not
only did industry grow so did science, fads, laws, beliefs, arts,
social lives, sports and the various different news from around the
globe. At this time women were needed in society and men began to
accept them. The car and train industry was the largest industry there
was. The assembly line made mass production possible, and the industry
boomed. America was now a very powerful envy of many countries.
America had high production and low unemployment
Henry Ford's assembly line in Detroit was the largest one in the
There were many causes of the economic boom, mass production being
just one of them. Factories around the USA could use electricity and
set up assembly lines and make objects quickly. The cars were made
identical to make them easier to make and so they are cheaper.
America was being paid back loans that it had lent other countries
during the war; on top of this they were making interest. The banks
now had lots of money to lend to people setting up a business or for
people to buy on the margin.
Taxation was kept low and businesses and companies able to keep much
of the profit to invest in new efficient factories that...
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Agriculture and the 1920's Boom Essay848 words - 3 pages Agriculture and the 1920's Boom In the 1920's, farmers and people alike were struggling to keep up with the highly efficient Canadian wheat producers. Many European countries suffered great bankruptcy from World War one and could no long afford to ship things like grain to they're countries. To add to this, the American population had been gradually falling so there were fewer mouths to feed. New machinery and...
Why did the American economy experience a boom in the 1920’s?1083 words - 4 pages Daniel Akhmetkhanov 15th September 2014Why did the American economy experience a boom in the 1920's?The American economy experienced a boom due to 5 major reasons. These included America itself, the First World War, new ideas and industries, Republican policies and American state of mind.America's was a large sprawling nation with an ever-growing...
Racial Discrimination in America during the 1920's2348 words - 9 pages The motto of the United States of America is "E Pluribus Unum" meaning 'Out of one, many'. It neatly recognizes that although America may be a single nation, it is also one originally made up of immigrants who arrived not only from Europe and Asia, but forcibly as slaves from Africa and of Native Americans. Its population is the most racially and culturally diverse...
America During the 1920's4171 words - 17 pages America During the 1920's In the first three decades of the 20th century, America became the richest and most powerful country in the world. Its population, wealth and industry were growing fast. It had plenty of natural resources (oil, coal, iron ore etc.) The average American worker earned 5 xs more than in Europe. Many Americans owned their own cars. America was so rich it could lend money to Europe. At the end...
Educational system in 1920's in America613 words - 2 pages Around the year of 1920s, there were two types of schools in Americas education system. Generally, it consists of Public Schools and Private Schools. The Oregon School System does play a crucial role in their countrys education system, started from the year of 1922. A group of people which is also known as Ku Klux Klan and the Scottish Rite Masons had also involved in the formulation of educational...
This 7 page essay is about the cultural revolution of the 1920's in America.1981 words - 8 pages The Cultural Revolution of the 1920'sThe 1920's was an interesting time in American history. The time was known as the transitional period between World Wars, in which America sought a return to normalcy. The 1920's not only transformed the U.S. into one of the most powerful industrial and urban economies in the world, it created a new and exciting culture. Key events which shaped American society in the 1920's were, The Prohibition...
To what extent did America "roar" for all Americans in the 1920's?5729 words - 23 pages In America, the 1920's were considered to be a 'roaring' time for all Americans. However, it seems to be that this 'roar' was an illusion for some Americans. This time was known as Americas 'age of excess'. In 1921, the gross national product was $74 billion, by 1229, it was $104.4 billion, but how much of this was affecting all Americans. Within this essay, I will be looking at different actions, which affected different people in different...
Automobiles as a Symbol of Prosperity in 1920’s America1013 words - 4 pages Automobiles as a Symbol of Prosperity in 1920’s America The automobile was one of the biggest and most important features of the 1920’s. Automobiles not only were a symbol of social status, but also had become so popular that nearly every family owned a car. Automobile production and sales fueled the economy and created an item that remains the centerpiece of daily life. Just as computers are now a part of daily life, the...
An analysis of seemingly imperialistic behavior by the United States in Latin America (late 1800's); was the US guided by economic or political incentive to intervene?789 words - 3 pages The interference of the United States in the Latin American countries of Cuba andMexico was primarily motivated due to American desire towards economic expansion and resulted in the U.S. supporting revolutionary factions, helping overthrow governments and creating of dictatorships in Mexico while in Cuba the U.S. took a more active role, physically invading...
American Isolationism. This essay has to deal with the role of America as an isolationist country during the 1920's and the 1930's.585 words - 2 pages American IsolationismThroughout the 1920's and the 1930's America retained the role of an isolationist country. The goal was a universal idea of maintaining peace around the world. However, it turned out to be an extremely difficult task. America was also looking out for itself, not wanting to get involved in any major wars or conflicts. The United States limited the amount of immigrants, sacrificed the tradition of freedom and...
Canada in the 1920's1937 words - 8 pages PoliticalAfter the first world war Canada started to become more independent from the British empire. At the imperial conference in 1921, prime minister Arthur Meighen opposed a British plan for renewing the alliance with Japan. This decision was based strongly on the American opposition. In 1922, a diplomatic crisis occurred in Turkey, the Canadians did...
The 1920s Summary & Analysis
The 1920s have long been remembered as the Roaring '20s, an era of unprecedented affluence best remembered through the cultural artifacts generated by its new mass-consumption economy:
- a Ford Model T in every driveway
- Amos 'n' Andy on the radio
- the first "talking" motion pictures at the cinema
- baseball hero Babe Ruth in the ballpark
- celebrity pilot Charles Lindbergh on the front page of every newspaper
As a soaring stock market minted millionaires by the thousands, young Americans in the nation's teeming cities rejected traditional social mores by embracing a modern urban culture of freedom—drinking illegally in speakeasies, dancing provocatively to the Charleston, and listening to the sexy rhythms of jazz music.
However, the entrenched image of the 1920s as a sort of nationwide, decade-long party—à la the movable feast enjoyed by Jay Gatsby, an iconic figure of the age—obscures a very different reality for many Americans: the Roaring '20s left nearly half the country behind.
The 1920 Census revealed that for the first time in United States history, a majority of Americans lived in cities. Still, throughout the decade, well over 40% of the country's population resided on farms and in tiny rural communities.
And down on the farm? Life was anything but roaring.
For American farmers, the Great Depression began not with the stock market crash in 1929, but with the collapse of agricultural prices in 1920. So, the entire decade of the 1920s was a time of poverty and crushing indebtedness, leading to ever-rising foreclosures of family farms. More than 90% of American farms lacked electricity, and the proportion of farms with access to a telephone actually decreased over the course of the decade.8
Furthermore, rural Americans—overwhelmingly native-born, white Protestants—found the modern, sexualized, multi-ethnic culture of the cities deeply offensive to their traditional beliefs.
Their antagonism toward the perceived cultural excesses of the Roaring '20s fueled a political backlash that allowed a resurgent Ku Klux Klan to take over several state governments. It was anti-Black as always, but now also anti-immigrant, anti-Catholic, anti-Semitic, anti-evolution, anti-drinking, and anti-sex.
The story of the 1920s is embodied no more by Henry Ford or Louis Armstrong than it is by Ed Jackson, Ku Klux Klansman, and the Governor of Indiana. The 1920s roared with a clash of civilizations as Americans struggled to reconcile the prosperous modernity of the city with the impoverished traditionalism of the country.